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Okayama city (Okayama-shi) is the capital of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan.

The city was founded on June 1, 1889. As of January 2008, it has an estimated population of 701,293 and a density of 887.81 persons per km². The total area is 789.91 km². On January 22, 2007, the towns of Seto and Takebe were merged into Okayama.

The city is known as the site of the Korakuen Gardens and the black Okayama Castle, which is a modern reconstruction. The popular Japanese folktale of Momotaro may have originated here.

Sogenji is a very large zen monastery belonging to the Rinzai sect in the centre of the city. It has produced several of the abbots of major monasteries in Kyoto and is now a training centre for foreign practitioners.

The city is one of a few Japanese cities to have maintained an operational tram system. It is a major rail interchange, as trains from Shikoku connect with the Sanyō main line here.

Okayama became a core city in 1996.

In March 22, 2005, the towns of Mitsu in Mitsu District and the town of Nadasaki from Kojima District were merged into the city, and on January 22, 2007, the town of Takebe from Mitsu District and Seto from Akaiwa District were also merged into the city. All three districts have since been dissolved.

Following the merger, and as part of negotiations with Okayama Prefecture, the city is slated to becoming a designated city in 2009.

Okayama Airport serves the city.

Okayama University is located in the city.

The Sanyo Highway (one of the five main roads of the Edo Era), the city’s three large rivers and the Seto Inland Sea, used as water transportation, have all made Okayama an important location for transportation between the Chugoku and Shikoku regions. These conditions have largely contributed to the development of industry, business and culture, which have flourished from the ancient Kibi times to present.

Okayama Prefecture is steadily developing as the crossroads of the Chugoku and Shikoku regions because of its interstate highways, which extend throughout the prefecture in all directions; Okayama Airport, which operates both international and domestic flights; and bullet train and regular rail access to the east, west, south and north of Japan.


Okayama City
Address:1-1-1Daiku Kita-ku Okayama-shi Okayama 700-8544[map